Organizing Dissertation Structure in 2 Easy Steps

Organizing Dissertation Structure in 2 Easy Steps

The dissertation or thesis is a lengthy academic paper based on original research that is prepared as part of an undergraduate or postgraduate degree program. The structure of a dissertation depends on your field, but it is usually divided into at least four or five chapters.

Your dissertation will be organized according to your field, although it will most likely comprise four or five chapters (including an introduction and conclusion chapter).

Step 1. Dissertation structure organization.

The most widely used dissertation structure in the sciences and social sciences is as follows:

  • An overview of your topic.
  • A survey of the literature that gathers and evaluates the most important sources
  • A full overview of your procedures
  • Your study’s findings are displayed here.
  • The findings are addressed, as well as their ramifications.
  • A summary of your findings that highlights the findings of your study

Dissertations in this discipline, as is customary in the humanities, frequently take the form of a long essay, taking the time to construct a thesis via the exploration of primary and secondary resources. To elaborate, instead of utilizing the standard framework stated above, you might construct your chapters around alternative themes or case studies.

A dissertation’s title page, abstract, and reference list are also essential. If you are unclear about how to design your dissertation, consult with your supervisor and review your department’s guidelines.

The title page.

The title of your dissertation, your name, department, institution, degree program, and submission date all appear on the first page of your paper. This badge includes your student number, supervisor’s name, and the university’s logo, in addition to your student number, supervisor’s name, and the university’s logo. Many dissertation title page formatting software have rigorous formatting requirements.


Acknowledgements are an optional addition to dissertations structure that allow you to convey your thanks to the many persons that assisted you with your research. This group may include researchers and participants in your research, as well as individuals who assisted you.


The abstract is a summary of your dissertation in 150-300 words. This should be written at the end of your dissertation after you’ve completed the rest of it. Keep in mind that when working in the abstract, you must always include:

  • Explain the topic and aim of your study.
  • Describe the different strategies you employed.
  • Briefly outline the main results
  • Make a summary of your results and conclusions.

Regardless of how brief the abstract is, it is the first aspect of your dissertation that readers will read, therefore it must be correct. If you’re having trouble creating an abstract, see our post on how to write an abstract.

Table of Contents.

Include all of your chapters and subheadings in the table of contents, as well as the page numbers for each. The contents page provides an overview of your structure and is useful in guiding you through the dissertation.

Figures and tables.

If you utilized a lot of tables and figures in your dissertation structure, you should number them in an itemized list. You may create this list automatically in Word by using the Insert Caption function.

list of abbreviations.

Another option to incorporate multiple abbreviations in your dissertation is to create an alphabetized list of abbreviations that employs abbreviations to allow readers to search for their meanings.


If you’ve used a lot of specific vocabulary that your reader isn’t acquainted with, a glossary could come in handy. Begin by alphabetizing the keywords and then provide brief definitions for each.

Step 2. Dissertation structure organization.


In the beginning, you identify the topic, objective, and relevance of your dissertation, and then explain what is to follow in the remainder of the document. assist in conveying the message

It is critical to know where you are headed while writing a research paper. Before you begin, learn everything you can about your topic.

Determine a specific field of inquiry and define the project’s criteria.

Critically assess the existing state of research on the topic, illustrating how your study addresses a bigger problem or debate.

Give an outline of the framework of your dissertation.

The beginning paragraph should be simple, entertaining, and relevant to your research. When the reader has completed reading, he or she should understand what, why, and how your research was carried out. What are your thoughts about that? See our guide for more information on how to create a dissertation structure beginning.

Review of the literature/theoretical framework.

Before beginning your research, you should conduct a literature review to have a thorough understanding of the academic work that exists on your topic. This also denotes

Analyzing and seriously scrutinizing each source

Making a broad message by connecting themes, patterns, tensions, and gaps

Rather than describing previous research, you should provide a logical framework and argument that enhances your own research, as well as a clear basis or reason for your results. For example, your research may attempt to demonstrate how it is used.

  • Fills all void in the literature.
  • The method used to tackle these issues .
  • solves a recurring issue.
  • Contributes to a theoretical discussion.
  • Adding fresh data extends and helps to consolidate existing knowledge.

You created a theoretical framework in the literature review. In this domain, descriptive research questions on the relationship between concepts or variables can be answered.

The methodology.

The methods you employed to obtain your information is detailed in the process, allowing the reader to determine the authenticity of your results. In general, your dissertation structure should contain the following:

  • A comprehensive approach to issue resolution that employs a variety of tactics and research methods (e.g. qualitative, quantitative, experimental, ethnographic)
  • The methods you employ to collect data (e.g. interviews, surveys, archives)
  • Pertinent information regarding the study’s location, timing, and participants
  • Data analysis techniques (e.g. statistical analysis, discourse analysis)
  • The numerous tools and supplies that you used (e.g. computer programs, lab equipment)
  • A description of any obstacles you encountered while completing your education.
  • A thorough examination of your methods.

In methodology, your objective is to be clear and engaging about your conclusions while remaining honest about the techniques you utilized.


Finally, you share your research findings. This section’s questions, theories, and subjects can be linked in a variety of ways. It is crucial to report only results that are relevant to your study’s aims and objectives.

While doing quantitative and experimental research, it is feasible to combine qualitative research approaches, such as in-depth interviews, with data discussion and analysis. When conducting research, be wary about making assumptions.

Tables, graphs, and charts are typically used in the results section. Consider the best way to present your data as you prepare to write, and avoid using tables or figures that just repeat what you have written. Instead, they should serve to improve your work by adding more information or providing more value.

Full copies of appendices including all of your data (such as interview transcripts) are accessible.


Your findings will be the focal point of the discussion as you consider their importance and implications in light of your research questions. Use this data to determine if your expectations were satisfied and how well the results matched the framework you built in the prior chapters. If one or more of the findings differed from what was expected, be careful to explain why. To help ensure the reliability of your findings, consider alternative interpretations of the data and investigate any constraints that may have affected the results.

Your findings should be discussed in conjunction with other academic research to demonstrate how they are consistent with current knowledge. In the future, you may also offer research or policy ideas.

In conclusion.

In answering the key study issue, the conclusion of your dissertation structure should be clear and direct. Finally, as a method to summarize your dissertation, consider adding a statement on what you did and how you did it. At the end of a debate, there will usually be recommendations for further research or practice.

In this part, it is crucial to demonstrate how your findings fit into existing thinking and why your study is relevant. In what ways have you added anything new to what was previously known?

List of References.

It is necessary that you include a reference list with all of your sources (sometimes also called a works cited list or bibliography). A consistent referencing style is essential. In addition to these additional standards, each style has its own set of strict formatting standards for citing sources in the reference list.

The most common style of reference used in UK institutions is Vancouver referencing. In general, your department will advise you on the appropriate reference style to employ. Students in psychology, for example, typically use APA style, students in the humanities usually use MHRA, and students in law invariably use OSCOLA. Check the requirements again and ask your supervisor for clarification.

You may use our free APA Citation Generator to save time while creating the reference list and ensure that your citations are properly and consistently formatted.


Your dissertation structure should only contain relevant material and ideas that are related to resolving your issue in order to answer your study subject. Appendices can contain interview transcripts, survey questions, and tables with full figures that do not fit inside the body of your dissertation.


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